July 25, 2012

SoapUI external XML DataSource

Filed under: automation — SiKing @ 2:57 pm
Tags: ,

I am normally not a fan of DDT, I tend to lean more towards BDT, so it was only very recently that I started looking at the DataSource test step in SoapUI. The available documentation has a lot of room for improvement. Here is how I was able to use an external XML file(s) as a data source for my test.

I was given three files that have filenames like Visa_AVS.xml and they contain data in the form:

<test accountNumber="4112344112344113" amount="1.00" street="1 Main Street" city="Boston" zip="031010001" expectedAvsResp="B" />

Step 1: read in the raw files

This is done with the DataSource step.

The only thing that I could find to read in a file (other than Excel) is the DataSource = Directory.

I am using SoapUI-Pro and my entire project is a Composite Project, so every TestSuite is a separate directory. I am going to keep all my data sources in the same directory as the TestSuite, so as to make it easier for uploading to SVN. Directory = ${projectDir}/AA-PPS-soapui-project/experimental-Test-Responses-TestSuite

The Filename Filter = *_AVS.xml should be pretty explanatory. The only thing worth mentioning is that the filter must start with an asterix – probably a bug in SoapUI.

At this point there is no way to format the data, so the entire contents will be read into only one Property. It does not matter what you call it; I used “allData“.

I know I have three files, so when I hit the play button, I should get three entries in the Data Log.

DataSource - file

Step 2: format the data

This is also done with a DataSource step.

This time we are dealing with DataSource = XML.

Note that the documentation for Source Step says: “could be another DataSource”. Source Step = DataSource – file (from Step 1).

Source Property = allData – the only one you created in Step 1.

You need the XPath that would select each of the data blocks in your source file. Row XPath = //test

Next start creating the Properties. If you prefer to visualize your data as a spreadsheet grid, then the Row XPath would be each of your rows, and the Properties will be each of the columns. I decided to name each Property after the data attributes, but you can name them anything you like. As soon as you create a Property, the form will automatically start inserting new Column XPaths. The form assumes that your source data is formatted something like:


and so it inserts XPath like accountNumber/text(). In my case this is not correct, so I needed to Edit this to say @accountNumber. One of my source files, instead of the attribute zip, has an attribute zip5. So I had to edit the XPath to “@zip | @zip5“.

Once you hit the play button, you should see correct data in the Data Log. If you did anything wrong there will probably not be an error, you will just not see correct (any?) data in the Data Log.

DataSource - XML

Step 3: your test steps

At this point you can use any number of any test steps you like. Any of the data above can be accessed with Property expansion, for example ${DataSource - XML#accountNumber}, and can be manipulated just as any other data either in Input or in Assertions.

Step 4: iterate over all data

You need to add two DataSourceLoop steps.

The first will iterate over all the data within one file. So the DataSource Step should be whatever you named your Step 2 above. The Target Step should probably be whatever is the first thing in Step 3 above.

The second iterates over all the files. So the DataSource Step should be whatever you named your Step 1 above. The Target Step should be Step 2 above.

Test Case


HTH. 😉


1 Comment »

  1. Great post, thanks for sharing

    Comment by Anonymous — November 10, 2016 @ 5:35 am | Reply

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